FLORENCE FOR SCIENCE LOVERS: THE GALILEO & SPECOLA MUSEUMS
firenze 2017 406
firenze 2017 415
firenze 2017 460
firenze 2017 391
FLORENCE FOR SCIENCE LOVERS:
THE GALILEO & SPECOLA MUSEUMS
Highlights of this tour:
The recently renovated “Galilei”museum, with its historical scientific instruments.
“La Specola”, with its collection of wax anatomical models and zoological collection.
The tour stars the History of Science Museum and the Museum of Zoology and Natural History, better known as “La Specola”.
This tour is dedicated to all inquisitive families and to science lovers of any age.
Florence is known by anyone for its art, and most of the several million visitors come here to see paintings, sculptures, architectures.
But it has also been an extremely important centre for scientific research and culture over the centuries, thanks to the Medici, that ruled the city for about three centuries (with some interruption) and to the Lorraine, that inherited the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1737.
Art and science helped each other, we can say, and the artists were very frequently scientists as well. Human creativity reached one of its climaxes during the Renaissance when the different arts, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, architecture, perspective and more were interconnected.
Leonardo da Vinci, who explored every field of knowledge, from anatomy to botany, to hydraulics, mechanics, geometry, physics, the military sciences, considered painting as the science par excellence, testifying to how the relationship between art and science was one of the fundamental points of Renaissance culture.
Apothecaries prepared and dispensed, often from the same plants, both medicines for patients and pigments for painters.
Scientific innovations were used by the Medici to consolidate their power and to defend their territories. However, their vision stretched far beyond their immediate necessities.
Cosimo I (his name seems to be related with ‘cosmos’) had a special interest for astronomy. Thanks to Cosimo’s cosmographer Egnazio Danti, he presided over the reform of the Julian calendar to the Gregorian version we use today. On the orders of Cosimo I, four brass armillary spheres made by Antonio Lupicini were installed in the Medici’s Libray to inspire future generations.
Representing the movements of the planets, the interior bands are engraved with signs of the zodiac.
In 1610 Galileo Galilei was appointed mathematician and philosopher to
More about this tour